3 Most Common Sleep Disorders
posted by Internal Medicine | October 24, 2016
Getting enough sleep is doable for most of us, but it can be a concern for a subset of the population dealing with a sleep disorder. Seventy million Americans suffer from one of roughly eighty different sleep disorders.
Most of these different disorders are rare and are addressed by a doctor on an individual basis, but there are a few more common disorders that affect larger amounts of people. Because several of these often go unreported and untreated, it’s important to know the basic signs for proper identification. Here are a few of the most common sleep disorders out there:
Insomnia, or the chronic inability to fall or remain asleep, is by far the most common sleep disorder. It includes people who struggle to fall asleep, wake up frequently and struggle to get back to sleep, consistently wake up earlier than desired in the morning, or simply suffer from frequent unsatisfactory sleep. In many cases, these issues trickle down into daily life and result in tiredness, moodiness, and issues with concentration.
Roughly 1 in 10 adults
Narcolepsy is a disorder that affects one’s ability to control their sleep. Those suffering from narcolepsy may fall asleep during the day, without warning, and are often tired even while they’re awake. In extreme cases, narcolepsy can affect muscular and neurological impulses. Narcolepsy can be related to issues with insomnia, though this is not always the case.
Less common than insomnia but potentially more severe in some cases, sleep apnea involves breathing that frequently starts and stops during sleep. There are two observed types of sleep apnea: obstructive (OSA) and central (CSA).
Obstructive sleep apnea, caused by any blockage of the throat muscles that keeps air from flowing correctly, is the most common form of the disorder. A primary symptom of OSA is loud snoring, and daytime fatigue issues similar to insomnia are also common due to the frequent interruptions in sleep it causes.
Central sleep apnea is less
Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is characterized by a typically insurmountable urge to shake or move the legs. RLS affects many people outside the realm of sleep issues, but a portion of those suffering tend to see flare-ups mostly during long periods of stillness, especially sleep.
Just like insomnia and sleep apnea, people with RLS often feel its effects during the day in the form of tiredness, grumpiness
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a medical professional. You should always consult your doctor before making decisions about your health.