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Eating a proper diet is one way to prevent and manage many different health conditions like heart disease, irritable bowel syndrome or diabetes. For patients with diabetes, there are several foods and habits to emphasize and several to avoid when creating a diet plan.
There are three primary goals of any dietary plan with diabetes in mind:
These goals are affected by the food we choose to eat, but they’re also affected by when we eat them. A healthy, diabetes-friendly diet includes three meals a day at regular intervals—this sort of scheduling helps the body regulate insulin and use it properly.
There are several types of food that are beneficial for a diet aimed at managing diabetes. Some foods fall under the “superfood” category. These foods have a low glycemic index, a ranking of carbohydrate-containing foods based on how it affects glucose in the blood. These superfoods are classified as such by the American Diabetes Association:
In addition to diabetes superfoods, you should also eat food that contains the following:
There are also different types of food you should avoid if you have diabetes. Most of these foods are similar to those that you would to avoid with a heart-healthy diet in mind, as diabetes increases the risk of heart disease and stroke.
Making big changes to your diet can be difficult, but there are a few methods you can use to help make an easier change:
If you have diabetes and are concerned about changes you need to make to your diet, speak to a dietician about your options.
As a physician, I love helping people through stressful times when they may be sick or hurt. I want to be the kind of doctor that I would want for my own family. When a doctor takes the time to help their patients understand what is happening and what the plan is, a patient’s anxiety can be greatly reduced. The patient should receive all the information they need to be an equal partner in decision-making and feel empowered about caring for their body. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.
“Making Healthy Food Choices.” American Diabetes Association. http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/what-can-i-eat/making-healthy-food-choices/?referrer=http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/what-can-i-eat/?referrer=https://www.google.com/
“Diabetes diet: Create your healthy-eating plan.” The Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetes/in-depth/diabetes-diet/art-20044295?pg=1
The Live Better Team
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This information is not intended to replace the advice of a medical professional. You should always consult your doctor before making decisions about your health.