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September 11, 2017 • Orthopedics
Common in runners, dancers, military recruits and other athletes, shin splints are a condition marked by pain along the shin bone (tibia), or the large bone in the front of your lower leg. Shin splints are referred to in a clinical setting as medial tibial stress syndrome, and they can also occur in athletes who recently changed or heavily intensified their training routine – this activity overworks the muscles, tendons and bone tissue.
Most cases of shin splints can be easily treated with home methods, and there are also several steps you can take to prevent shin splints from developing in the first place. Here’s a look at the underlying causes and risk factors associated with shin splints and how to prevent and treat them.
Causes and Risk Factors
Shin splints are accompanied by tenderness, soreness or pain along the inner part of the shinbone and can also show swelling in the lower leg. They’re caused by repetitive stress on the shinbone and various connective tissues that allow muscles to attach to bone.
There are several things you can do to prevent shin splints:
When shin splints do develop, there are a few basic treatment methods:
If you’re struggling with persistent shin splints, your doctor can offer recommendations on how to clear them up and prevent them in the future.
“Shin splints.” The Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/shin-splints/home/ovc-20215288
“Shin Splints.” American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00407
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This information is not intended to replace the advice of a medical professional. You should always consult your doctor before making decisions about your health.