Concussions: Signs, Complications and Risk Factors
posted by Neurology | May 23, 2017
The brain is a complex organ with many functions, and if it undergoes extreme trauma, those functions can be temporarily or permanently damaged. One example of trauma a brain might experience is a concussion.
Concussion symptoms may not show up right away, and in some case they may not show up at all. Symptoms can last for days, weeks or even longer periods. Symptoms include:
In children who can’t describe these symptoms themselves, careful observation will be necessary after a head trauma. Symptoms may mimic those above and include excessive crying or crankiness, loss of balance, changes in eating or sleeping patterns or losses of interest in normal activities or toys.
If any of the following symptoms show up, seek immediate emergency care:
Concussions can lead to several complications:
During a major head trauma, the brain slides back and forth against the inner walls of the skull. This can lead to bleeding around the brain, causing a concussion. Situations and factors that raise the risk of sustaining this sort of brain trauma include:
Treatment for concussions vary between cases. Some people may feel fine after a few hours, but others may have symptoms that last weeks and require regular observation. Your doctor may give you several different tips for ways to decrease symptoms. Anyone who receives a concussion during sports or other physical activity should stop that activity immediately and seek medical attention.
Preventing concussions involves taking precautions during high-risk events or situations. These precautions include:
If you or someone close to you has recently sustained a concussion, seek medical attention. Your doctor will give you a treatment and prevention plan that works best for you.
“Concussion Overview.” The Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/concussion/home/ovc-20273153
“Concussion – Topic Overview.” WebMD. http://www.webmd.com/brain/tc/traumatic-brain-injury-concussion-overview#1
“Traumatic Brain Injury & Concussion.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/index.html
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a medical professional. You should always consult your doctor before making decisions about your health.