Diabetes: Type 1 vs Type 2
posted by Dr. Abe Tomco | July 17, 2017
There are several types of diabetes, and the most common are split up into two types: Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 is in reference to a complete lack of insulin in the body, while Type 2 diabetes includes cases where the body either has too little insulin or is unable to properly utilize insulin.
Types 1 and 2 diabetes have a few big differences, and also a few similarities. Let’s break down both.
Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes cover all diabetes cases not related to pregnancy in women. Within these non-pregnancy cases, here are a few basic statistics:
In cases of Type 1 diabetes, it’s common for symptoms to begin quickly—often in weeks. In cases of Type 2 diabetes, however, it’s more typical for symptoms to develop slowly over a period of years. Many Type 2 cases don’t even show noticeable symptoms for years, and are only discovered during unrelated procedures.
Type 1 diabetes is accompanied by episodes of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), while Type 2 will not come with these episodes unless certain insulin or other medications are present. Finally, while Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented, Type 2 can be prevented or at least delayed through maintaining healthy weight, eating right and getting proper exercise.
Type 1 diabetes is caused directly by the immune system becoming compromised and attacking beta cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. It’s believed that Type 1 diabetes is triggered by genetics and environmental factors like viruses.
Type 2 diabetes is more complex, and can be caused by a few factors:
For help with management of either Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, speak to your doctor for recommendations.
“What is Diabetes?” National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/what-is-diabetes
“Diabetes: Differences Between Type 1 and Type 2 – Topic Overview.” WebMD. http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/tc/diabetes-differences-between-type-1-and-2-topic-overview
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a medical professional. You should always consult your doctor before making decisions about your health.