What are Birthmarks?
posted by Dermatology | May 26, 2017
Many of us are born with discolored marks on or under the skin called birthmarks. Most of these are noticeable at birth, and they can fade or strengthen over time.
Birthmarks can come in a variety of sizes and colors, and while the vast majority are harmless, there are a few cases where they’ll need to be examined by a doctor.
These are birthmarks characterized by additional pigment in part of the skin. There are three common types of pigmented birthmarks:
Vascular birthmarks are caused when extra blood vessels in the vascular system clump up together, causing a visible mark. Over one in 10 babies has a vascular birthmark of some kind at birth. There are also three common types of vascular birthmarks:
In the majority of cases, birthmarks are totally harmless and do not require treatment. In some cases, though, such as when a birthmark is growing too quickly, growing on an internal organ or causing a medical issue, they require treatment. Options here include:
Not all treatments for birthmarks work, and deciding to have them treated can be a big decision if the mark isn’t harmful. The treatments can be painful or have side effects.
Make sure your doctor is aware of any birthmarks on a baby, or if one begins to bleed, grow or become infected.
“Different kinds of birthmarks.” American Academy of Dermatology. https://www.aad.org/public/kids/skin/birthmarks/different-kinds-of-birthmarks
“Birthmarks – Topic Overview.” WebMD. http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/tc/birthmarks-topic-overview#1
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a medical professional. You should always consult your doctor before making decisions about your health.