What are Ovarian Cysts?
posted by OB/GYN | June 27, 2017
Women have two ovaries located on each side of the uterus, and these ovaries can develop fluid-filled sacs or pockets either within or on their surface called ovarian cysts. Several women have ovarian cysts at some point in their lives, and while many of these cysts aren’t harmful, some cases of ovarian cysts can be dangerous.
What are the different types of cysts and how can you treat those that might be dangerous? Here’s a look.
Most ovarian cysts are considered “functional,” meaning they’re a part of your monthly cycle. There are a few specific types of cysts:
Symptoms of ovarian cysts can include:
If pain becomes severe in the abdomen or pelvis, or is accompanied by fever or vomiting, see a doctor right away.
In some cases, rare complications of ovarian cysts can include:
Most ovarian cysts are simply a part of the normal menstrual cycle. We laid out these functional cysts above. Other nonfunctional cysts and their causes can include:
Both dermoid cysts and cystadenomas can become large enough to cause ovarian torsion.
Treatment for ovarian cysts will depend on the type, size and symptoms. It might include:
There’s no definitive prevention of ovarian cysts, but regular pelvic examinations can help ensure that changes in the ovaries are noted and diagnosed as early as possible. In addition to these exams, be sure to note any notable changes in the monthly cycle. For these changes, or if you’re worried you’ve already developed an ovarian cyst, speak to your doctor and he or she will help determine the best course of action for your specific diagnosis.
“What Is an Ovarian Cyst?” WebMD. http://www.webmd.com/women/guide/ovarian-cysts#1
“Ovarian cysts.” The Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ovarian-cysts/basics/definition/con-20019937
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a medical professional. You should always consult your doctor before making decisions about your health.