What is Oncology? Understanding Medical Specialties
posted by Oncology | April 27, 2017
An oncologist is a doctor who studies, diagnoses and treats cancer. Some oncologists also participate in research and clinical trials to help find better ways to prevent, treat and cure cancer.
Oncologists also have a care team that assists with various patient needs. Here is a basic introduction to this vital medical field.
There are three primary types of oncologists within the field:
Other types of oncologists include:
An oncologist’s care team includes:
Main roles of an oncologist include:
Your oncology team may use a combination of several tests to help with a cancer diagnosis. They include:
An important part of the role of oncologists, particularly palliative care doctors and nurses, is the comfort of terminally ill patients. This is care aimed at reducing pain and other uncomfortable symptoms.
Many oncologists conduct or participate in research of cancer. Research can include anything from the basic biology of cancer cells to differing forms of treatment. As research improves, treatment can advance, making oncology a continually morphing field. Large clinical studies carried out by oncologists have made major progress in cancer research and treatment.
For questions about treatment recommendations or the right doctor for you to see if you or a loved one is diagnosed with cancer, speak to your healthcare provider.
*Note: No two cancer cases are alike. None of the statements herein are designed to suggest a “one size fits all” approach, and each case will be evaluated individually.
“The Oncology Team.” Cancer.net. http://www.cancer.net/navigating-cancer-care/cancer-basics/cancer-care-team/oncology-team
“What is Oncology?” News-Medical.net. http://www.news-medical.net/health/What-is-Oncology.aspx
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a medical professional. You should always consult your doctor before making decisions about your health.