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May 22, 2017 | Urology
All men have a gland in their reproductive system called the prostate. The prostate is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum, and its responsibility is to create semen—the fluid that contains sperm. If the prostate swells or becomes inflamed, however, a condition known as prostatitis can develop.
This can cause painful urination or trouble urinating, and several other pain- or discomfort-related symptoms. It has several different causes and can be either temporary or recurring. Here’s what you need to know.
Symptoms vary depending on its cause, and they can include:
In cases of pelvic pain, difficulty or pain during urination, or painful ejaculation, see a doctor as soon as possible. Other complications include:
Common strains of bacteria can cause acute bacterial prostatitis, one of a few different types of the condition, and this type can be treated with antibiotics—if these are ineffective, this could signal chronic bacterial prostatitis. In other cases, nerve damage in the urinary tract can contribute to types that aren’t related to a bacterial infection.
There are also several factors that raise your risk level:
Part of the diagnosis process includes ruling out other conditions that might be causing your symptoms. This includes a basic medical history and physical exam, which often includes a digital rectal examination. It may also include one of several tests.
Based on the results of the exam and any tests performed, your doctor may inform you that you have one of the following types of prostatitis:
Treatments can include the following, depending on the cause:
If you’re showing symptoms or worried you may have prostatitis, speak to your doctor about the options for your specific case.
“What is Prostatitis?” WebMD. http://www.webmd.com/men/guide/prostatitis#1
“Prostatitis.” The Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/prostatitis/home/ovc-20271415
The Live Better Team
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This information is not intended to replace the advice of a medical professional. You should always consult your doctor before making decisions about your health.