Painful Bladder Syndrome
posted by Urology | May 15, 2017
The bladder is a hollow organ that stores urine. Once the bladder expands to full capacity, it sends a message to the brain through the pelvic nerves that it’s time to urinate. This message produces the urge to use the restroom.
When the brain confuses these messages, a condition called interstitial cystitis, or painful bladder syndrome, can develop. This is a chronic condition that can cause severe pain and have a major effect on long-term quality of life.
Symptoms of interstitial cystitis vary between cases and aren’t always the same over time—they often flare up, sometimes in response to triggers (e.g., stress, exercise, sexual activity or menstruation). Symptoms can include:
A few complications are associated with painful bladder syndrome:
There aren’t any exact known causes of interstitial cystitis, though issues with the lining of the bladder may be associated with many cases. It’s possible factors like heredity, infections, allergies or an autoimmune reaction might also contribute, though this has not been proven.
There are a few factors associated with increased risk:
A few different tests might help identify interstitial cystitis, which has symptoms that mimic other urinary tract conditions. If a test results are positive, there are a wide range of treatment options:
There is no single treatment that will always eliminate symptoms, and many people have to use a combination of treatments to reduce symptoms as much as possible.
Basic strategies that may reduce discomfort and other symptoms include:
If you’re showing signs of painful bladder syndrome, speak to your doctor about your diagnosis and treatment options.
“Interstitial Cystitis.” WebMD. http://www.webmd.com/urinary-incontinence-oab/interstitial-cystitis#1
“Interstitial cystitis.” The Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/interstitial-cystitis/home/ovc-20251830
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a medical professional. You should always consult your doctor before making decisions about your health.