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June 12, 2017 | Urology
The testicles are a vital part of the male reproductive system, playing a role in reproduction and male hormone production. Due to their location in the scrotum, however, which hangs outside the body, the testicles lack traditional protection structures that most other organs in the body have. This makes them more susceptible to injury.
Testicular trauma refers to anytime a testicle is hurt by force. There are several different types of injuries possible in the testicles, and treatment methods vary between these and the severity of the injury. Here’s a look at the types, symptoms, causes and prevention methods against testicular trauma.
The testicles are made of different types of tissue, and the scrotum contains other structures attached to the testicles. Different types of testicular injuries can include:
Extreme pain is typically the first symptom of testicular trauma—in the scrotum, but often in the abdomen as well. Other symptoms might include:
Testicular trauma injuries are caused specifically by penetrating or blunt forces. Penetrating forces include stabbing or gunshot wounds, where blunt forces include a kick or any hard trauma to the scrotum.
After a basic process to determine a positive diagnosis of testicular trauma, your doctor will discuss treatment options with you. In some minor cases, testicular injuries can be treated at home on your own. In others, a surgeon or other specialist will need to be involved. Treatments might include:
It’s not always possible to prevent testicular trauma, but there are a few tactics you can try to help lower your risk in certain situations:
“Testicular Injuries.” WebMD. http://www.webmd.com/men/guide/testicle-injuries#1
“What is Testicular Trauma?” Urology Care Foundation. http://www.urologyhealth.org/urologic-conditions/testicular-trauma/printable-version
The Live Better Team
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This information is not intended to replace the advice of a medical professional. You should always consult your doctor before making decisions about your health.