GI Terminology

Achalasia—A condition in which the muscles of the lower part of the esophagus fail to relax, preventing food from passing into the stomach.

Argon Plasma Therapy—A medical endoscopic procedure used primarily to control bleeding from certain lesions in the gastrointestinal tract, and also sometimes to debulk tumours in the case of patients for whom surgery is not recommended. It is administered during esophagogastroduodenoscopy or colonoscopy.

Candidiasis of Esophagus—An opportunistic infection of the esophagus by Candida albicans. The disease usually occurs in patients in immunocompromised states, including post-chemotherapy and in AIDS. However, it can also occur in patients with no predisposing risk factors, and is more likely to be asymptomatic in those patients.

Conscious sedation—A combination of medicines to help you relax (a sedative) and to block pain (an anesthetic) during a medical procedure.

Dyspepsia—Indigestion. A condition characterized by upper abdominal symptoms that may include pain or discomfort, bloating, feeling of fullness with very little intake of food, feeling of unusual fullness following meals, nausea, loss of appetite, heartburn, regurgitation of food or acid, and belching.

Esophageal banding—A procedure that requires rubber bands to be placed around varices in the esophagus through a flexible endoscope used to visualize the vessels.

Esophageal dilatation—A procedure that allows your doctor to dilate, or stretch, a narrowed area of your esophagus.

Esophageal Motility Study—A test to assess motor function of the upper esophageal sphincter (UES), esophageal body and lower esophageal sphincter (LES).

NISSEN wrap—A surgical procedure to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and hiatal hernia.

Outlet obstruction—A medical condition where there is an obstruction at the level of the pylorus, which is the outlet of the stomach.

Pill Capsule Study—A procedure that allows your doctor examine the lining of the middle part of your gastrointestinal tract, which includes the three portions of the small intestine (duodenum, jejunum, ileum). Your doctor will give you a pill sized video camera for you to swallow.

Schatzki ring—A narrowing of the lower esophagus that can cause difficulty swallowing (dysphagia). The narrowing is caused by a ring of mucosal tissue (which lines the esophagus) or muscular tissue.

Watermelon Stomach—A condition in which the lining of the stomach bleeds, causing it to look like the characteristic stripes of a watermelon when viewed by Endoscopy.