What is Pulmonary Hypertension?
posted by The Live Better Team | November 29, 2017
Pulmonary hypertension is a type of high blood pressure that affects the arteries in the lungs and on the left side of the heart.
There are multiple forms of pulmonary hypertension, some of which can be serious and even fatal. Although some forms of pulmonary hypertension are not curable, treatment can help relieve symptoms and improve quality of life.
In its early stages, signs and symptoms of pulmonary hypertension may not be noticeable for months or even years. As the condition progresses, symptoms may worsen and may include:
Pulmonary hypertension can lead to several complications:
In people with pulmonary hypertension, the rise in blood pressure is brought on by changes in cells that line the pulmonary artery. It is classified into five groups, based on specific causes:
In addition, a condition called Eisenmenger syndrome, a type of congenital heart disease can cause pulmonary hypertension. It’s most commonly caused by a hole in the heart
Your risk of developing pulmonary hypertension may be increased if:
Pulmonary hypertension can be tough to diagnose because it’s often not found during basic physical exams. Your doctor will examine your physical history and may run one or more tests to check for pulmonary hypertension.
Although pulmonary hypertension cannot be cured, you can manage the condition and improve symptoms. Treatments may take some time to find and may require follow-up appointments. If the hypertension is caused by an underlying condition, your doctor will treat this underlying cause if possible.
Medications that may be used for treatment include:
In some cases, surgery might be needed for pulmonary hypertension. If so, options include:
•Atrial septostomy: Open-heart surgery in which an opening is created between the chambers of your heart to relieve pressure on the left side
“Pulmonary hypertension.” The Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pulmonary-hypertension/symptoms-causes/syc-20350697
“About Pulmonary Hypertension.” Pulmonary Hypertension Association. https://phassociation.org/patients/aboutph/
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a medical professional. You should always consult your doctor before making decisions about your health.